Common Product: Drywall (Natural Gypsum)

Representative Manufacturers


A Common Product profile (CP) is a type of data record originally developed as part of a collaboration called the Quartz Project. The profiles are not specific to any manufacturer, but list the substances that are most commonly present in a product type. The CPs include a general description of the product type, a list of the most common substances serving each function in the product, and the health hazards associated with these substances. See the CP methodology here for more information.

This CP is based on research done for the Quartz Project. Some records may reflect updates made by HBN following the completion of the Quartz effort. In addition, health profile and process chemistry information here is linked to the Pharos Chemical and Material Library (CML). The CML is regularly updated as hazard lists and research evolves, so this hazard display may not match the snapshot shown in the Quartz database.

CP ID & version: CP005-a02

Synonyms: Gypsum board; Gypsum wallboard; Plasterboard; Wallboard

MasterFormat: 09 29 00 Gypsum Board

UniFormat 2010: A2010 Walls for Subgrade Enclosures; B1080 Stairs; B2010 Exterior Walls; B3080 Overhead Exterior Enclosures; C1010 Interior Partitions; C1070 Suspended Ceiling Construction; C2050 Ceiling Finishes

Content status: Sufficient Content Record

Description:

Drywall is ubiquitously used in building construction as interior wall enclosures, ceilings, and partitions in both load-bearing and non-load-bearing cases. There are many strains of Drywall including but not limited to acoustical, fire-resistant, moisture-resistant and mold-resistant varieties. This Common Product profile represents a regular Drywall product. Drywall is composed of gypsum plaster pressed between a paper or cardboard lining. The key material is gypsum (calcium sulfate), which is available in different hydration levels, and in anhydrous form. Natural gypsum stone is calcium sulfate-dihydrate (CaSO4*2H2O). The anhydrous calcium sulfate can be found in nature as anhydrite (CaSO4). Gypsum also occurs in large quantities as the industry by-product, otherwise known as flue-gas desulphurized (FGD) gypsum. This common product profile characters a drywall product made only naturally mined gypsum.

This information reflects our best understanding of product composition in 2015.

Direct Content Hazards:

DEVELOPMENTAL MAK - Pregnancy Risk Group B - from BORIC ACID + 1
REPRODUCTIVE EU - Annex VI CMRs - Reproductive Toxicity - Category 1B - from BORIC ACID + 6
BIOACCUMULATIVE EC - CEPA DSL - Bioaccumulative - from NAPHTHALENESULFONIC ACID, FORMALDEHYDE POLYMER, CALCIUM SALT
PERSISTENT EC - CEPA DSL - Persistent - from BORIC ACID
ENDOCRINE EU - Priority Endocrine Disruptors - Category 1 - In vivo evidence of Endocrine Disruption Activity - from BORIC ACID + 1
SKIN IRRITATION Japan - GHS - Skin corrosion / irritation - Category 2 - from BORIC ACID + 1
ORGAN TOXICANT Japan - GHS - Specific target organs/systemic toxicity following single exposure - Category 1 - from BORIC ACID + 1
EYE IRRITATION New Zealand - GHS - 6.4A - Irritating to the eye (Cat. 2A) - from BORIC ACID + 1
ACUTE AQUATIC New Zealand - GHS - 9.1D (other) - Slightly harmful in the aquatic environment or are otherwise designed for biocidal action - from BORIC ACID
RESTRICTED LIST US EPA - DfE SCIL - Yellow Triangle - best available in class but some hazard profile issues - from BORIC ACID + 10
MULTIPLE Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class D2A - Very toxic material causing other toxic effects - from BORIC ACID + 3
CANCER IARC - Group 3 - Agent is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans - from STYRENE BUTADIENE RUBBER (SBR) + 1
MAMMALIAN New Zealand - GHS - 6.1E (oral) - Acutely toxic - from BORIC ACID + 1
EXEMPT EU - REACH Exemptions - Exempted from REACH Annex I (Annex IV) listing due to intrinsic safety - from STARCH
POSITIVE LIST US EPA - DfE SCIL - Green Circle - Verified Low Concern - from STARCH

Potential Residual Hazards:

See Process Chemistry Research tab for details on residuals and other substances used in manufacture.

PBT US EPA - Priority PBTs (NWMP) - Priority PBT - from LEAD + 6
CANCER CA EPA - Prop 65 - Carcinogen - from 1,3-BUTADIENE + 49
DEVELOPMENTAL CA EPA - Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity - from 1,3-BUTADIENE + 13
REPRODUCTIVE CA EPA - Prop 65 - Reproductive Toxicity - Female - from 1,3-BUTADIENE + 24
GENE MUTATION EU - Annex VI CMRs - Mutagen - Category 1B - from 1,3-BUTADIENE + 20
BIOACCUMULATIVE EC - CEPA DSL - Bioaccumulative - from 6PPD + 1
PERSISTENT EC - CEPA DSL - Persistent - from ANTIMONY + 2
ENDOCRINE ChemSec - SIN List - Endocrine Disruption - from STYRENE + 2
RESPIRATORY MAK - Sensitizing Substance Sah - Danger of airway & skin sensitization - from BERYLLIUM + 15
MAMMALIAN EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H300 - Fatal if swallowed - from URANIUM, SOLUBLE SALTS + 57
SKIN IRRITATION EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H314 - Causes severe skin burns and eye damage - from Sodium hydroxide + 16
SKIN SENSITIZE MAK - Sensitizing Substance Sh - Danger of skin sensitization - from MERCURY + 9
ORGAN TOXICANT EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H372 - Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure - from BERYLLIUM + 25
ACUTE AQUATIC EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life - from ARSENIC + 16
CHRON AQUATIC Malaysia - GHS - H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects - from ARSENIC + 24
TERRESTRIAL New Zealand - GHS - 9.2A - Very ecotoxic in the soil environment - from FORMALDEHYDE + 6
FLAMMABLE EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H220 - Extremely flammable gas - from 1,3-BUTADIENE + 31
REACTIVE EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H260 - In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously - from POTASSIUM + 23
NEUROTOXICITY G&L - Neurotoxic Chemicals - Emerging neurotoxicant - from Manganese + 4
EYE IRRITATION EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H319 - Causes serious eye irritation - from Sodium carbonate + 13
RESTRICTED LIST US EPA - DfE SCIL - Yellow Triangle - best available in class but some hazard profile issues - from SODIUM NITRATE + 34
MULTIPLE Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class D2A - Very toxic material causing other toxic effects - from 1,3-BUTADIENE + 9
POSITIVE LIST German FEA - Substances Hazardous to Waters - Non-Hazardous to Water (Water Hazard Class 0 NWG) - from LEAD + 1

Common Contents:

Material % Wt. Part % Wt. Whole Hazard GreenScreen Renewable
Substance Residual Manufacturing
Gypsum 88.09 % 88.09 %    
[13397-24-5] Gypsum 100.00 % 88.09 %     LT-UNK
Gypsum Paper 6.35 % 6.35 %      
[9004-34-6] Cellulose, microcrystalline 69.93 % 4.44 %     NoGS
[10101-41-4] CALCIUM SULFATE DIHYDRATE 27.27 % 1.73 %   LT-UNK
[9003-55-8] STYRENE BUTADIENE RUBBER (SBR) 2.79 % 0.18 %       LT-UNK
Silicone Emulsion 0.02 % Less than 0.01% NoGS
Additives 4.58 % 4.58 %       LT-1
[7732-18-5] WATER 70.84 % 3.24 %   4
[1318-00-9] VERMICULITE 10.07 % 0.46 %   NoGS
[9005-25-8] STARCH 9.35 % 0.43 %   LT-UNK
[37293-74-6] NAPHTHALENESULFONIC ACID, FORMALDEHYDE POLYMER, CALCIUM SALT 6.36 % 0.29 %       LT-P1
[10101-41-4] CALCIUM SULFATE DIHYDRATE 3.07 % 0.14 %   LT-UNK
[10043-35-3] BORIC ACID 0.29 % 0.01 %   LT-1

Process Chemistry - Known or Potential Residuals:

Material Hazard Type Frequency % Wt. Part % Wt. Whole Notes
Substance Residual Manufacturing
[106-99-0] 1,3-BUTADIENE     Monomer Integral Unknown Less than 0.01%
[85-47-2] 1-naphthalenesulfonic acid - from NAPHTHALENESULFONIC ACID, FORMALDEHYDE POLYMER, CALCIUM SALT   Monomer Integral (known) Unknown Unknown
[793-24-8] 6PPD - from STYRENE BUTADIENE RUBBER (SBR)     Additive - Non-reactive Frequent Unknown Unknown
[7440-36-0] ANTIMONY       Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[7440-38-2] ARSENIC     Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent (known) Unknown Unknown
[7439-92-1] LEAD     Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent (known) Unknown Unknown
[497-19-8] Sodium carbonate     Process Aid Frequent Unknown Unknown
[1310-73-2] Sodium hydroxide     Process Aid Occasional/Rare Unknown Unknown
[7631-99-4] SODIUM NITRATE     Process Aid Frequent Unknown Unknown
[7757-82-6] SODIUM SULFATE     Process Aid Frequent Unknown Unknown
[7704-34-9] SULFUR     Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent (known) Unknown Unknown
[7440-38-2] ARSENIC     Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[7440-41-7] BERYLLIUM     Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[7440-43-9] CADMIUM     Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[1333-86-4] CARBON BLACK - from STYRENE BUTADIENE RUBBER (SBR)       Additive - Non-reactive Frequent Unknown Unknown
[130498-29-2] POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS   Byproduct Integral (known) 0.00 - 0.08 % Unknown
[7440-47-3] Chromium   Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[7440-48-4] COBALT       Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[5131-66-8] BUTOXYPROPANOL   Process Aid Frequent Unknown Unknown
[15821-83-7] 1-propanol-2-butoxy Component Integral (known) 95.00 % Unknown
Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) gypsum - from Gypsum     Component Frequent Unknown Unknown
[7440-38-2] ARSENIC     Pollutant/ Contaminant Integral (known) Less than 0.01% Unknown
[7440-43-9] CADMIUM     Pollutant/ Contaminant Integral (known) Less than 0.01% Unknown
[7439-92-1] LEAD     Pollutant/ Contaminant Integral (known) 0.01 % Unknown
[7439-97-6] MERCURY     Pollutant/ Contaminant Integral (known) 0.00 - 0.01 % Unknown
[7782-49-2] SELENIUM       Pollutant/ Contaminant Integral (known) Less than 0.01% Unknown
[497-19-8] Sodium carbonate     Process Aid Frequent Unknown Unknown
[7664-93-9] SULFURIC ACID     Process Aid Frequent Unknown Unknown
[50-00-0] FORMALDEHYDE - from NAPHTHALENESULFONIC ACID, FORMALDEHYDE POLYMER, CALCIUM SALT       Monomer Integral (known) Unknown Unknown
[7440-50-8] COPPER     Catalyst (homogeneous/ unstructured/ unknown) Occasional/Rare Unknown Unknown
[7440-22-4] SILVER     Catalyst (homogeneous/ unstructured/ unknown) Frequent Unknown Unknown
[7439-92-1] LEAD     Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[7439-96-5] Manganese     Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown 0.01 %
[7439-97-6] MERCURY     Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[7440-02-0] Nickel     Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[7440-09-7] POTASSIUM   Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown 0.04 %
[14808-60-7] QUARTZ   Component Frequent Unknown 0.98 %
[7782-49-2] SELENIUM       Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[497-19-8] Sodium carbonate     Process Aid Frequent Unknown Unknown
[7664-93-9] SULFURIC ACID     Process Aid Frequent Unknown Unknown
[100-42-5] STYRENE       Monomer Integral Unknown Less than 0.01%
[100-41-4] Ethylbenzene       Pollutant/ Contaminant Integral Unknown Unknown
[1327-41-9] Aluminum chloride, basic   Catalyst (homogeneous/ unstructured/ unknown) Frequent Unknown Unknown
[7440-29-1] THORIUM   Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[7440-61-1] URANIUM, SOLUBLE SALTS   Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[7440-62-2] VANADIUM     Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[7440-66-6] ZINC       Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%
[7439-92-1] LEAD     Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent (known) Unknown Unknown
[7440-67-7] ZIRCONIUM   Pollutant/ Contaminant Frequent Unknown Less than 0.01%

Process Chemistry - Other:

Material Hazard Type Frequency % Wt. Part % Wt. Whole Notes
Substance Residual Manufacturing
[106-99-0] 1,3-BUTADIENE - from STYRENE BUTADIENE RUBBER (SBR)     Monomer Integral Unknown Unknown
[95-31-8] 2-(TERT-BUTYLAMINOTHIO)BENZOTHIAZOLE - from STYRENE BUTADIENE RUBBER (SBR)   Additive - Reactive Frequent Unknown Unknown
[4994-16-5] 4-PHENYLCYCLOHEXENE - from STYRENE BUTADIENE RUBBER (SBR) Byproduct Frequent Unknown Unknown
[107-13-1] ACRYLONITRILE - from STYRENE BUTADIENE RUBBER (SBR)       Solvent Frequent Unknown Unknown
[13780-03-5] CALCIUM BISULFITE - from Cellulose, microcrystalline Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[10049-04-4] CHLORINE DIOXIDE - from Cellulose, microcrystalline     Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
Cotton - from Cellulose, microcrystalline Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[68476-25-5] FELDSPAR - from VERMICULITE       Byproduct Frequent Unknown Unknown
[7647-01-0] HYDROGEN CHLORIDE (HCl) - from BORIC ACID   Reactant Occasional/Rare Unknown Unknown
[7647-01-0] HYDROGEN CHLORIDE (HCl) - from Cellulose, microcrystalline   Reactant Occasional/Rare Unknown Unknown
[8008-20-6] KEROSENE, (DEODORIZED) - from BORIC ACID   Solvent Occasional/Rare Unknown Unknown
[8068-05-1] KRAFT LIGNIN - from Cellulose, microcrystalline Byproduct Frequent Unknown Unknown
[1318-94-1] MUSCOVITE - from VERMICULITE   Byproduct Frequent Unknown Unknown
[68-12-2] N,N-DIMETHYLFORMAMIDE - from STYRENE BUTADIENE RUBBER (SBR)   Solvent Frequent Unknown Unknown
[9003-35-4] PHENOL FORMALDEHYDE - from VERMICULITE       Reactant Occasional/Rare Unknown Unknown
[14808-60-7] QUARTZ - from VERMICULITE   Byproduct Frequent Unknown Unknown
[1310-73-2] Sodium hydroxide - from Cellulose, microcrystalline     Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[12034-39-8] Sodium sulfide (Na2(S4)) - from Cellulose, microcrystalline   Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[100-42-5] STYRENE - from STYRENE BUTADIENE RUBBER (SBR)       Monomer Integral Unknown Unknown
[7446-09-5] SULFUR DIOXIDE - from Cellulose, microcrystalline   Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[7664-93-9] SULFURIC ACID - from Cellulose, microcrystalline     Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[7664-93-9] SULFURIC ACID - from BORIC ACID     Reactant Occasional/Rare Unknown Unknown
Wood dust - unspecified - from Cellulose, microcrystalline   Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown

GreenScreen for Safer Chemicals Full Assessment: None available

Highest concern GreenScreen score : LT-1 (Likely Benchmark 1)

Cradle to Cradle Certified™ List Hazards

What are C2C hazards and what do these colors mean?

How to Use These Scores in a C2C Assessment

Acute and Chronic Tox. Acute Aquatic Tox. Chronic Aquatic Tox.
C M R+D E O D I O/D/I N IrS+IrE SnS+SnR Fish Inv. Alg. Any Fish Inv. Alg. Any T P B Climate Organohalogen Toxic Metal Other Mult
R/Y/G - R R/Y ? - - R - Y - - - - ? - - - - - R/Y R G NL NL - R

Full Hazard List By Endpoint:

Carcinogenicity US EPA - IRIS Carcinogens - (1999) Data are inadequate for an assessment of human carcinogenic potential: Red, Yellow, or Green
IARC - Group 3 - Agent is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans: Red, Yellow, or Green
Mutagenicity not listed
Reproductive Toxicity (Repro + Dev) Australia - GHS - H360Fd - May damage fertility. Suspected of damaging the unborn child: Red
Japan - GHS - Toxic to reproduction - Category 1B: Red
MAK - Pregnancy Risk Group B: Red
EU - SVHC Authorisation List - Toxic to reproduction - Prioritized for listing: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 6.8B - Suspected human reproductive or developmental toxicants: Not rated
EU - SVHC Authorisation List - Toxic to reproduction - Candidate list: Not rated
MAK - Pregnancy Risk Group C: Red, Yellow, or Green
Endocrine Disruption EU - Priority Endocrine Disruptors - Category 1 - In vivo evidence of Endocrine Disruption Activity: Red or Yellow
TEDX - Potential Endocrine Disruptors - Potential Endocrine Disruptor: Red or Yellow
Oral Toxicity New Zealand - GHS - 6.1E (oral) - Acutely toxic: Not rated
Dermal Toxicity not listed
Inhalative Toxicity not listed
Oral, Dermal, and/or Inhalative Toxicity Japan - GHS - Specific target organs/systemic toxicity following single exposure - Category 1: Red
Japan - GHS - Specific target organs/systemic toxicity following single exposure - Category 3: Green
Neurotoxicity not listed
Skin, Eye, and Respiratory Corrosion/Irritation Japan - GHS - Skin corrosion / irritation - Category 2: Yellow
Japan - GHS - Serious eye damage / eye irritation - Category 2: Yellow or Green
New Zealand - GHS - 6.3B - Mildly irritating to the skin: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 6.4A - Irritating to the eye (Cat. 2A): Not rated
Skin and Respiratory Sensitization not listed
Acute Aquatic Toxicity (Fish) not listed
Acute Aquatic Toxicity (Invertibrates) not listed
Acute Aquatic Toxicity (Algae) not listed
Acute Aquatic Toxicity (Fish, Invertibrates, and/or Algae) New Zealand - GHS - 9.1D (other) - Slightly harmful in the aquatic environment or are otherwise designed for biocidal action: Not rated
Chronic Aquatic Toxicity (Fish) not listed
Chronic Aquatic Toxicity (Invertibrates) not listed
Chronic Aquatic Toxicity (Algae) not listed
Chronic Aquatic Toxicity (Fish, Invertibrates, and/or Algae) not listed
Terrestrial not listed
Persistence EC - CEPA DSL - Persistent: Red or Yellow
Bioaccumulation EC - CEPA DSL - Bioaccumulative: Red
Climatic Relevance not listed
Organohalogen not listed - This chemical is not on the Pharos list of organohalogens, but we may have missed a few. Please double-check the chemical structure to confirm there are no carbon-halogen bonds.
Toxic Metal not listed - This chemical is not on the Pharos list of toxic metals, but we may have missed a few. Please double-check the chemical structure to confirm there are no toxic metals.
Other (Human Health) not listed
Multiple Endpoints ChemSec - SIN List - CMR - Carcinogen, Mutagen &/or Reproductive Toxicant: Red
EC - CEPA DSL - Inherently Toxic to Humans (iT human): Red
EU - Annex VI CMRs - Reproductive Toxicity - Category 1B: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H360FD - May damage fertility. May damage the unborn child: Red
German FEA - Substances Hazardous to Waters - Class 1 - Low Hazard to Waters: Red
Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class D2A - Very toxic material causing other toxic effects: Red
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