Common ingredients: Waterborne finishes (flooring)

Representative Manufacturers


Used in Product Categories: Waterborne Wood Finishes, Floor Sealants and Coatings, Flooring Finishes, Resilient Flooring, Flooring, Wood Flooring, Engineered Wood Flooring, Solid PreFinished Wood Flooring, Flooring Finishes Components

Content status: Sufficient Content Record

Description: Not provided

Pharos Team Notes:

Low VOC water-based flooring finishes are one- and two-part systems comprised of acrylic, polyurethane, and/or isocyanate binders.

They are thin, dry clear, and last almost as long as varnish.  The USGBC Green Home Guide notes that while VOC levels can reach below 50 g/L, there is a flip side: the “environmental impacts of urethane and other synthetic binders.”

These dispersions also commonly include n-methylpryolidone (NMP) solvent, a reproductive toxicant, and sometimes contain phthalate plasticizers.

A 2005 Green Seal report noted that, “Over the past few years, regulation under the Clean Air Act and consumer demand for low-VOC finishes have led to the creation of a variety of new products. Many penetrating finishes, such as semi-transparent stains, have low solids content (pigment, oils, polymers) and are being reformulated to meet low-VOC regulations.

“To meet the VOC requirements, these reformulated finishes may contain higher solids content, reactive diluents (dilutants or thinners), new types of solvents and/or cosolvents, or other non-traditional substitutes. These low-VOC requirements favor film-forming formulations over products that penetrate the wood surface, since traditional wood stains were formulated to penetrate the wood, and the new formulations that meet the VOC requirements may not penetrate as well.”

Most low VOC waterbased finishes contain polyisocyanate chemistry to form a urethane binder, particularly hexamethylene diisocyanate . Isocyanates are under scrutiny from the US Environmental Protection Agency and other US agencies.  See our Signal article of April 2011 for further information.

Another common and problematic ingredient is the co-solvent, n-methylpryolidone (NMP).   NMP is the primary solvent used in aqueous polyurethane dispersions.  A paper from Bayer MaterialScience notes that “NMP is a suspected fetotoxin” and that governments from the European Union to the State of California are regulating it more heavily.  The EU, for example, is requiring the labeling of any product containing at least 5% NMP as “toxic.” Some formulations’ MSDSes list as much as 7% NMP in VOC waterborne finishes.

Bayer MaterialScience’s desire, they write, is “to make the safest products possible” and to find a NMP free route to make these products.

Low VOC finishes also routinely contain acrylic co-polymers. However, manufacturers almost always do not disclose the precise identities of these ingredients. MSDSes and other literature describe the acrylic ingredients as confidential business information.

Other ingredients may not be disclosed in MSDS, but are present in many formulations.  In particular, manufacturers rarely report carcinogens if they are present at less than 0.1% of the total product, or other ingredients if they do not exceed 1% of the product.

Upstream suppliers of acrylic co-polymers, however, provide some clues about potentially problematic ingredients.   Lubrizol, for example, markets an acrylic copolymer latex for clear wood floor finishes. The company's technical data sheet lists recommended recipes for acrylic and acrylic-urethane clear wood finishes.

These formulations include a flow aid -- Zonyl 9361 - as a 0.05% component.  Zonyl 9361 is a DuPont perfluorocarbon.   DuPont literature confirms that Zonyl 9361 is used extensively in coating  applications, at typical use levels of 0.01-0.1%.  Zonyl 9361 (now marketed as Capstone FS-63) is a short-chain PFC.  An industry article confirms that PFCs are common flow aids in low VOC waterborne finishes.  Therefore, we have added C-6 and C-4 PFCs as common ingredients to this evaluation.

Other ingredients that may not meet MSDS reporting requirement thresholds, but may be present on some restricted lists, include surfactants.

This common ingredient record is a work-in-progress. We seek industry input to clarify these issues.

Direct Content Hazards:

CANCER EU - Annex VI CMRs - Carcinogen Category 1B - Presumed Carcinogen based on animal evidence - from Aromatic naphtha, type 1 + 6
DEVELOPMENTAL CA EPA - Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity - from DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP) + 13
REPRODUCTIVE CA EPA - Prop 65 - Reproductive Toxicity - Female - from DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP) + 17
ENDOCRINE EU - SVHC Authorisation List - Equivalent Concern - Candidate List: endocrine disrupting properties cause probable serious effects to the environment or human health - from DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP) + 4
GENE MUTATION EU - Annex VI CMRs - Mutagen - Category 1B - from Aromatic naphtha, type 1 + 5
PERSISTENT EC - CEPA DSL - Persistent - from Alumina trihydrate + 1
RESPIRATORY MAK - Sensitizing Substance Sah - Danger of airway & skin sensitization - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE + 14
MAMMALIAN EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H304 - May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways - from Aromatic naphtha, type 1 + 34
ORGAN TOXICANT EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H372 - Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure - from Dibutyltin dilaurate + 18
ACUTE AQUATIC EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life - from DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP) + 12
CHRON AQUATIC US EPA - PPT Chemical Action Plans - Chronic aquatic toxicity - TSCA Criteria met - from DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP) + 13
TERRESTRIAL New Zealand - GHS - 9.3A - Very ecotoxic to terrestrial vertebrates - from Dibutyltin dilaurate + 2
EYE IRRITATION EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H319 - Causes serious eye irritation - from 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene + 10
SKIN IRRITATION EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H315 - Causes skin irritation - from 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene + 10
SKIN SENSITIZE EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE + 6
FLAMMABLE EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour - from 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene + 7
REACTIVE Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class E - Corrosive materials - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE
RESTRICTED LIST US EPA - DfE SCIL - Yellow Triangle - best available in class but some hazard profile issues - from DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL N-BUTYL ETHER (DPNB) + 40
MULTIPLE Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class D2A - Very toxic material causing other toxic effects - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE + 8
NEUROTOXICITY G&L - Neurotoxic Chemicals - Neurotoxic - from DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP) + 2
BIOACCUMULATIVE US EPA - PPT Chemical Action Plans - Low bioaccumulation potential - TSCA Criteria met - from DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP)
EXEMPT EU - REACH Exemptions - Exempted from REACH Annex I (Annex IV) listing due to intrinsic safety - from WATER + 1
POSITIVE LIST German FEA - Substances Hazardous to Waters - Non-Hazardous to Water (Water Hazard Class 0 NWG) - from Alumina trihydrate + 1

Potential Residual Hazards:

See Process Chemistry Research tab for details on residuals and other substances used in manufacture.

PBT US EPA - Priority PBTs (NWMP) - Priority PBT - from NAPHTHALENE + 4
CANCER CA EPA - Prop 65 - Carcinogen - from NAPHTHALENE + 22
REPRODUCTIVE Australia - GHS - H360Fd - May damage fertility. Suspected of damaging the unborn child - from COAL TAR + 1
PERSISTENT EC - CEPA DSL - Persistent - from POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE + 2
DEVELOPMENTAL MAK - Pregnancy Risk Group C - from 1,2-Diethylbenzene + 2
ENDOCRINE ChemSec - SIN List - Endocrine Disruption - from NAPHTHALENE + 2
GENE MUTATION MAK - Germ Cell Mutagen 3a - from BENZ[A]ANTHRACENE + 3
RESPIRATORY MAK - Sensitizing Substance Sah - Danger of airway & skin sensitization - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE + 7
SKIN IRRITATION EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H314 - Causes severe skin burns and eye damage - from POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE + 15
ACUTE AQUATIC EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life - from NAPHTHALENE + 9
CHRON AQUATIC Malaysia - GHS - H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects - from NAPHTHALENE + 8
MAMMALIAN EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H331 - Toxic if inhaled - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE + 31
EYE IRRITATION EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H319 - Causes serious eye irritation - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE + 10
SKIN SENSITIZE EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE + 6
ORGAN TOXICANT EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H335 - May cause respiratory irritation - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE + 13
TERRESTRIAL New Zealand - GHS - 9.3B - Ecotoxic to terrestrial vertebrates - from POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE
FLAMMABLE Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class B4 - Flammable solids - from NAPHTHALENE + 9
REACTIVE New Zealand - GHS - 8.1A - Corrosive to metals - from POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE + 2
MULTIPLE Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class D2A - Very toxic material causing other toxic effects - from NAPHTHALENE + 9
RESTRICTED LIST BIFMA - e3/level Annex B list of chemicals - V3 2014 Substance of Concern List - from NAPHTHALENE + 16
NEUROTOXICITY Boyes - Neurotoxicants - Neurotoxic - from POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE
BIOACCUMULATIVE US EPA - PPT Chemical Action Plans - Low bioaccumulation potential - TSCA Criteria met - from NAPHTHALENE + 1
POSITIVE LIST US EPA - DfE SCIL - Green Circle - Verified Low Concern - from POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE

Common Contents:

Material % Wt. Part % Wt. Whole Hazard GreenScreen Renewable
Substance Residual Manufacturing
[7732-18-5] WATER 5.00 - 80.00 % 5.00 - 80.00 %   4
[64742-95-6] Aromatic naphtha, type 1
(Optional - Default)
5.00 - 10.00 % 5.00 - 10.00 %       LT-1
[108-65-6] PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER ACETATE (PMA)
(Optional - Default)
5.00 - 10.00 % 5.00 - 10.00 %     LT-UNK
[95-63-6] 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene
(Optional - Default)
3.00 - 7.00 % 3.00 - 7.00 %     2
[872-50-4] N-Methylpyrrolidone
(Optional - Default)
3.00 - 7.00 % 3.00 - 7.00 %   LT-1
[111-77-3] DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER
(Optional - Default)
1.00 - 7.00 % 1.00 - 7.00 %     LT-P1
[29911-28-2] DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL N-BUTYL ETHER (DPNB)
(Optional - Default)
1.00 - 5.00 % 1.00 - 5.00 %     LT-UNK
[84-74-2] DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP)
(Optional - Default)
1.00 - 5.00 % 1.00 - 5.00 %     LT-1
[108-67-8] MESITYLENE
(Optional - Default)
0.50 - 2.50 % 0.50 - 2.50 %     2
[34590-94-8] Dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether 0.10 - 15.00 % 0.10 - 15.00 %     LT-UNK
[28182-81-2] HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE HOMOPOLYMER (HDI HOMOPOLYMER)
(Optional - Default)
0.10 - 1.30 % 0.10 - 1.30 %       LT-P1
[21645-51-2] Alumina trihydrate
(Optional - Default)
0.10 - 1.10 % 0.10 - 1.10 %   2
[57-55-6] PROPYLENE GLYCOL
(Optional - Default)
0.10 - 1.00 % 0.10 - 1.00 %     2
[822-06-0] 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE
(Optional - Default)
0.10 - 0.50 % 0.10 - 0.50 %     LT-UNK
[126-86-3] 1,4-DIISOBUTYL-1,4-DIMETHYLBUTYNEDIOL
(Optional - Default)
0.00 - 0.10 % 0.00 - 0.10 %       LT-UNK
[77-58-7] Dibutyltin dilaurate
(Optional - Default)
0.00 - 0.10 % 0.00 - 0.10 %   LT-1
[307-24-4] PERFLUOROHEXANOIC ACID (PFHxA, C-6)
(Optional - Default)
0.00 - 0.10 % 0.00 - 0.10 %     1
[375-73-5] PERFLUOROBUTANE SULFONATE (PFBS C-4)
(Optional - Default)
0.00 - 0.10 % 0.00 - 0.10 %     LT-P1

Process Chemistry - Known or Potential Residuals:

Material Hazard Type Frequency % Wt. Part % Wt. Whole Notes
Substance Residual Manufacturing
[25340-17-4] 1,2-Diethylbenzene - from Aromatic naphtha, type 1     Component Integral 12.00 % Unknown
[822-06-0] 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE - from HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE HOMOPOLYMER (HDI HOMOPOLYMER)     Monomer Integral (known) Unknown Unknown
[98-06-6] 2-METHYL-2-PHENYLPROPANE - from Aromatic naphtha, type 1   Component Integral 6.00 % Unknown
[27576-03-0] DIMETHYLSTYRENE - from Aromatic naphtha, type 1 Component Integral (known) 10.00 % Unknown
[1321-74-0] DIVINYL BENZENE - from Aromatic naphtha, type 1   Component Integral (known) 10.00 % Unknown
[91-20-3] NAPHTHALENE - from Aromatic naphtha, type 1       Component Integral (known) 13.00 % Unknown
[65996-89-6] COAL TAR       Reactant Integral (known) Unknown Unknown
[56-55-3] BENZ[A]ANTHRACENE     Component Frequent (known) Unknown Unknown
[1310-58-3] POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE - from 1,4-DIISOBUTYL-1,4-DIMETHYLBUTYNEDIOL     Catalyst (homogeneous/ unstructured/ unknown) Frequent Unknown Unknown
[25551-13-7] TRIMETHYL BENZENE - from Aromatic naphtha, type 1     Component Integral (known) 10.00 % Unknown

Process Chemistry - Other:

Material Hazard Type Frequency % Wt. Part % Wt. Whole Notes
Substance Residual Manufacturing
[68951-39-3] (C4-C13) BRANCHED ALKYL ALCOHOLS, PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE ESTER - from DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP)   Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[355-43-1] 1,1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6-tridecafluoro-6-iodohexane - from PERFLUOROHEXANOIC ACID (PFHxA, C-6)   Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[503-30-0] 1,3-PROPYLENE OXIDE - from DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL N-BUTYL ETHER (DPNB)   Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[124-09-4] 1,6-HEXANEDIAMINE - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE       Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[64-19-7] ACETIC ACID, GLACIAL - from PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER ACETATE (PMA)     Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[67-64-1] ACETONE - from MESITYLENE     Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[74-86-2] ACETYLENE - from 1,4-DIISOBUTYL-1,4-DIMETHYLBUTYNEDIOL   Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[1318-16-7] BAUXITE - from Alumina trihydrate     Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[110-98-5] DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL - from Dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether   Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[25265-71-8] DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL - from Dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether   Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[75-21-8] ETHYLENE OXIDE - from DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER       Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[7664-39-3] HYDROFLUORIC ACID - from PERFLUOROBUTANE SULFONATE (PFBS C-4)   Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[116-09-6] hydroxyacetone - from PROPYLENE GLYCOL   Reactant Occasional/Rare Unknown Unknown
[67-56-1] METHANOL - from DIETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER       Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[28677-93-2] METHOXYPROPANOL - from PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER ACETATE (PMA) Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[108-10-1] METHYL ISOBUTYL KETONE - from 1,4-DIISOBUTYL-1,4-DIMETHYLBUTYNEDIOL     Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[71-36-3] N-BUTANOL - from DIBUTYL PHTHALATE (DBP)     Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[71-36-3] N-BUTANOL - from DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL N-BUTYL ETHER (DPNB)     Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[71-36-3] N-BUTANOL - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE     Reactant Occasional/Rare Unknown Unknown
[75-44-5] PHOSGENE - from HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE HOMOPOLYMER (HDI HOMOPOLYMER)       Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[75-44-5] PHOSGENE - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE       Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[75-56-9] PROPYLENE OXIDE - from PROPYLENE GLYCOL   Reactant Frequent Unknown Unknown
[7664-93-9] SULFURIC ACID - from MESITYLENE     Reactant Integral Unknown Unknown
[57-13-6] UREA - from 1,6-HEXAMETHYLENE DIISOCYANATE     Reactant Occasional/Rare Unknown Unknown

No VOC content data provided

GreenScreen for Safer Chemicals Full Assessment: None available

Highest concern GreenScreen score : Benchmark 1

Cradle to Cradle Certified™ List Hazards

What are C2C hazards and what do these colors mean?

How to Use These Scores in a C2C Assessment

Acute and Chronic Tox. Acute Aquatic Tox. Chronic Aquatic Tox.
C M R+D E O D I O/D/I N IrS+IrE SnS+SnR Fish Inv. Alg. Any Fish Inv. Alg. Any T P B Climate Organohalogen Toxic Metal Other Mult
R R R R R R R R R/Y R R ? ? ? R ? ? ? R ? R/Y ? G R R Y R

Full Hazard List By Endpoint:

Carcinogenicity Australia - GHS - H350 - May cause cancer: Red
EU - Annex VI CMRs - Carcinogen Category 1B - Presumed Carcinogen based on animal evidence: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H350 - May cause cancer: Red
EU - REACH Annex XVII CMRs - Carcinogen Category 2 - Substances which should be regarded as if they are Carcinogenic to man: Red
MAK - Carcinogen Group 3B - Evidence of carcinogenic effects but not sufficient for classification: Red
US EPA - IRIS Carcinogens - (1986) Group D - Not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity: Red, Yellow, or Green
MAK - Carcinogen Group 4 - Non-genotoxic carcinogen with low risk under MAK/BAT levels: Yellow
Mutagenicity Australia - GHS - H340 - May cause genetic defects: Red
EU - Annex VI CMRs - Mutagen - Category 1B: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H340 - May cause genetic defects: Red
EU - REACH Annex XVII CMRs - Mutagen Category 2 - Substances which should be regarded as if they are Mutagenic to man: Red
Australia - GHS - H341 - Suspected of causing genetic defects: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H341 - Suspected of causing genetic defects: Red
Reproductive Toxicity (Repro + Dev) MAK - Pregnancy Risk Group C: Red, Yellow, or Green
MAK - Pregnancy Risk Group D: Red, Yellow, or Green
Australia - GHS - H360Df - May damage the unborn child. Suspected of damaging fertility: Red
CA EPA - Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity: Red
CA EPA - Prop 65 - Reproductive Toxicity - Female: Red
CA EPA - Prop 65 - Reproductive Toxicity - Male: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H360Df - May damage the unborn child. Suspected of damaging fertility: Red
EU - REACH Annex XVII CMRs - Toxic to Reproduction Category 2 - Substances which should be regarded as if they impair fertility or cause Developmental Toxicity in humans: Red
Japan - GHS - Toxic to reproduction - Category 1B: Red
Korea - GHS - Reproductive toxicity - Category 1 [H360 - May damage fertility or the unborn child]: Red
Malaysia - GHS - H360Df - May damage the unborn child. Suspected of damaging fertility: Red
US NIH - Reproductive & Developmental Monographs - Clear Evidence of Adverse Effects - Reproductive Toxicity: Red
US NIH - Reproductive & Developmental Monographs - Clear Evidence of Adverse Effects - Developmental Toxicity: Red, Yellow, or Green
New Zealand - GHS - 6.8A - Known or presumed human reproductive or developmental toxicants: Not rated
US EPA - PPT Chemical Action Plans - Reproductive effects: Not rated
Australia - GHS - H360Fd - May damage fertility. Suspected of damaging the unborn child: Red
MAK - Pregnancy Risk Group B: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H361d - Suspected of damaging the unborn child: Red
New Zealand - GHS - 6.8B - Suspected human reproductive or developmental toxicants: Not rated
Australia - GHS - H360D - May damage the unborn child: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H360D - May damage the unborn child: Red
EU - SVHC Authorisation List - Toxic to reproduction - Candidate list: Not rated
EU - SVHC Authorisation List - Toxic to reproduction - Prioritized for listing: Not rated
US EPA - PPT Chemical Action Plans - Reproductive toxicity - TSCA Criteria met: Not rated
Australia - GHS - H361d - Suspected of damaging the unborn child: Red
US NIH - Reproductive & Developmental Monographs - Clear Evidence of no Adverse Effects - Developmental Toxicity: Green
US NIH - Reproductive & Developmental Monographs - Clear Evidence of no Adverse Effects - Reproductive Toxicity: Green
Endocrine Disruption TEDX - Potential Endocrine Disruptors - Potential Endocrine Disruptor: Red or Yellow
EU - SVHC Authorisation List - Equivalent Concern - Candidate List: endocrine disrupting properties cause probable serious effects to the environment or human health: Red
EU - Priority Endocrine Disruptors - Category 1 - In vivo evidence of Endocrine Disruption Activity: Red or Yellow
OSPAR - Priority PBTs & EDs & equivalent concern - Endocrine Disruptor - Chemical for Priority Action: Red or Yellow
ChemSec - SIN List - Endocrine Disruption: Red or Yellow
Oral Toxicity New Zealand - GHS - 6.1E (oral) - Acutely toxic: Not rated
Japan - GHS - Acute toxicity (oral) - Category 4: Yellow
Korea - GHS - Acute toxicity (oral) - Category 4 [H302 - Harmful if swallowed]: Yellow
New Zealand - GHS - 6.1D (oral) - Acutely toxic: Not rated
Australia - GHS - H304 - May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H304 - May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways: Red
Japan - GHS - Acute toxicity (oral) - Category 3: Red
New Zealand - GHS - 6.1B (oral) - Acutely toxic: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 6.9A (oral) - Toxic to human target organs or systems (Cat. 1): Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 6.9B (oral) - Harmful to human target organs or systems (Cat. 2): Not rated
Dermal Toxicity Japan - GHS - Acute toxicity (dermal) - Category 3: Red
Korea - GHS - Acute toxicity (dermal) - Category 3 [H311 - Toxic in contact with skin]: Red
New Zealand - GHS - 6.1C (dermal) - Acutely toxic: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 6.1D (dermal) - Acutely toxic: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 6.9B (dermal) - Harmful to human target organs or systems (Cat. 2): Not rated
Inhalative Toxicity Australia - GHS - H332 - Harmful if inhaled: Red or Yellow
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H332 - Harmful if inhaled: Red or Yellow
Australia - GHS - H335 - May cause respiratory irritation: Yellow
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H335 - May cause respiratory irritation: Yellow
New Zealand - GHS - 6.1D (inhalation) - Acutely toxic: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 6.9B (inhalation) - Harmful to human target organs or systems (Cat. 2): Not rated
Australia - GHS - H331 - Toxic if inhaled: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H331 - Toxic if inhaled: Red
Japan - GHS - Acute toxicity (inhalation: vapor) - Category 1: Red
Korea - GHS - Acute toxicity (inhalation) - Category 2 [H330 - Fatal if inhaled]: Red
Malaysia - GHS - H331 - Toxic if inhaled: Red
Korea - GHS - Specific target organ toxicity - Single exposure - Category 3 [H335 - May cause respiratory irritation]: Yellow
Malaysia - GHS - H335 - May cause respiratory irritation: Yellow
New Zealand - GHS - 6.1A (inhalation) - Acutely toxic: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 6.9A (inhalation) - Toxic to human target organs or systems (Cat. 1): Not rated
Japan - GHS - Acute toxicity (inhalation: vapor) - Category 4: Yellow
Australia - GHS - H330 - Fatal if inhaled: Red
Japan - GHS - Acute toxicity (inhalation: dust, mist) - Category 2: Red
New Zealand - GHS - 6.1B (inhalation) - Acutely toxic: Not rated
Oral, Dermal, and/or Inhalative Toxicity Japan - GHS - Specific target organs/systemic toxicity following repeated exposure - Category 2: Yellow
Japan - GHS - Specific target organs/systemic toxicity following single exposure - Category 3: Green
Japan - GHS - Specific target organs/systemic toxicity following repeated exposure - Category 1: Red
Japan - GHS - Specific target organs/systemic toxicity following single exposure - Category 1: Red
Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class D1A - Very toxic material causing immediate and serious toxic effects: Red
Australia - GHS - H372 - Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H372 - Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure: Red
Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class D1B - Toxic material causing immediate and serious toxic effects: Red or Yellow
Neurotoxicity G&L - Neurotoxic Chemicals - Neurotoxic: Red or Yellow
Boyes - Neurotoxicants - Neurotoxic: Red, Yellow, or Green
Skin, Eye, and Respiratory Corrosion/Irritation Australia - GHS - H315 - Causes skin irritation: Yellow
Australia - GHS - H319 - Causes serious eye irritation: Yellow
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H315 - Causes skin irritation: Yellow
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H319 - Causes serious eye irritation: Yellow
New Zealand - GHS - 6.3B - Mildly irritating to the skin: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 6.4A - Irritating to the eye (Cat. 2A): Not rated
Japan - GHS - Serious eye damage / eye irritation - Category 2B: Yellow
Japan - GHS - Skin corrosion / irritation - Category 2: Yellow
Japan - GHS - Serious eye damage / eye irritation - Category 1: Red
Japan - GHS - Skin corrosion / irritation - Category 1: Red
Korea - GHS - Serious eye damage/irritation - Category 2 [H319 - Causes serious eye irritation]: Yellow
Korea - GHS - Skin corrosion/irritation - Category 2 [H315 - Causes skin irritation]: Yellow
Malaysia - GHS - H315 - Causes skin irritation: Yellow
Malaysia - GHS - H319 - Causes serious eye irritation: Yellow
New Zealand - GHS - 6.3A - Irritating to the skin (Cat. 2): Not rated
Australia - GHS - H314 - Causes severe skin burns and eye damage: Red
Japan - GHS - Serious eye damage / eye irritation - Category 2A: Yellow
Australia - GHS - H318 - Causes serious eye damage: Red
Skin and Respiratory Sensitization Australia - GHS - H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction: Red
Australia - GHS - H334 - May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H334 - May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled: Red
Japan - GHS - Respiratory sensitization - Category 1A: Red
Japan - GHS - Skin sensitizer - Category 1: Red
Korea - GHS - Respiratory sensitization - Category 1 [H334 - May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled]: Red
Korea - GHS - Skin sensitization - Category 1 [H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction]: Red
Malaysia - GHS - H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction: Red
Malaysia - GHS - H334 - May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled: Red
AOEC - Asthmagens - Asthmagen (G) - generally accepted: Red, Yellow, or Green
New Zealand - GHS - 6.5A (respiratory) - Respiratory sensitisers (Cat. 1): Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 6.5B (contact) - Contact sensitisers (Cat. 1): Not rated
CHE - Toxicant Database - Rhinitis – allergic - strong evidence: Not rated
CHE - Toxicant Database - Asthma - allergen, sensitizer - strong evidence: Not rated
AOEC - Asthmagens - Asthmagen (Rs) - sensitizer-induced: Red
CHE - Toxicant Database - Asthma - irritant - limited evidence: Not rated
CHE - Toxicant Database - Asthma - allergen, sensitizer - limited evidence: Not rated
CHE - Toxicant Database - Rhinitis – allergic - limited evidence: Not rated
Acute Aquatic Toxicity (Fish) New Zealand - GHS - 9.1C (fish) - Harmful in the aquatic environment: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 9.1A (fish) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment: Not rated
Acute Aquatic Toxicity (Invertibrates) New Zealand - GHS - 9.1A (crustacean) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment: Not rated
Acute Aquatic Toxicity (Algae) New Zealand - GHS - 9.1A (algal) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment: Not rated
Acute Aquatic Toxicity (Fish, Invertibrates, and/or Algae) Japan - GHS - Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) - Category 2: Red
German FEA - Substances Hazardous to Waters - Non-Hazardous to Water (Water Hazard Class 0 NWG): Not rated
Australia - GHS - H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life: Red
Japan - GHS - Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) - Category 1: Red
Korea - GHS - Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) - Category 1 [H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life]: Red
Malaysia - GHS - H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life: Red
Chronic Aquatic Toxicity (Fish) New Zealand - GHS - 9.1B (fish) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment: Not rated
Chronic Aquatic Toxicity (Invertibrates) New Zealand - GHS - 9.1B (crustacean) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 9.1C (crustacean) - Harmful in the aquatic environment: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 9.1D (crustacean) - Slightly harmful in the aquatic environment or are otherwise designed for biocidal action: Not rated
Chronic Aquatic Toxicity (Algae) New Zealand - GHS - 9.1C (algal) - Harmful in the aquatic environment: Not rated
Chronic Aquatic Toxicity (Fish, Invertibrates, and/or Algae) Australia - GHS - H411 - Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H411 - Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects: Red
Japan - GHS - Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) - Category 2: Not rated
US EPA - PPT Chemical Action Plans - Chronic aquatic toxicity - TSCA Criteria met: Not rated
Japan - GHS - Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) - Category 1: Not rated
Terrestrial New Zealand - GHS - 9.3B - Ecotoxic to terrestrial vertebrates: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 9.3A - Very ecotoxic to terrestrial vertebrates: Not rated
New Zealand - GHS - 9.3C - Harmful to terrestrial vertebrates: Not rated
Persistence EC - CEPA DSL - Persistent: Red or Yellow
US EPA - PPT Chemical Action Plans - Low environmental persistence - TSCA Criteria met: Not rated
Bioaccumulation US EPA - PPT Chemical Action Plans - Low bioaccumulation potential - TSCA Criteria met: Not rated
Climatic Relevance not listed
Organohalogen HALOGENATED ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Toxic Metal ORGANOTIN COMPOUNDS
Other (Human Health) Australia - GHS - H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour: Yellow
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour: Yellow
Japan - GHS - Flammable liquids - Category 3: Yellow
Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class B3 - Combustible liquids: Yellow
New Zealand - GHS - 3.1C - Flammable Liquids: medium hazard: Not rated
Japan - GHS - Flammable liquids - Category 4: Yellow
New Zealand - GHS - 3.1D - Flammable Liquids: low hazard: Not rated
Multiple Endpoints German FEA - Substances Hazardous to Waters - Class 2 - Hazard to Waters: Red
German FEA - Substances Hazardous to Waters - Class 1 - Low Hazard to Waters: Red
MAK - Sensitizing Substance Sah - Danger of airway & skin sensitization: Red
Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class D2A - Very toxic material causing other toxic effects: Red
Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class D2B - Toxic material causing other toxic effects: Red
Québec CSST - WHMIS 1988 - Class E - Corrosive materials: Red
EC - CEPA DSL - Inherently Toxic to Humans (iT human): Red
ChemSec - SIN List - CMR - Carcinogen, Mutagen &/or Reproductive Toxicant: Red
German FEA - Substances Hazardous to Waters - Class 3 - Severe Hazard to Waters: Red
EC - CEPA DSL - Inherently Toxic in the Environment: Red
EU - Annex VI CMRs - Reproductive Toxicity - Category 1B: Red
EU - SVHC Authorisation List - Toxic to reproduction - Banned unless Authorised: Red
EU - GHS (H-Statements) - H360FD - May damage fertility. May damage the unborn child: Red
Australia - GHS - H361 - Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child: Red
EC - CEPA Toxic Substances (Sched 1) - CEPA Toxics: Red
EU - Annex VI CMRs - Reproductive Toxicity - Category 2: Red
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